The course provides an overview of international and European human rights regimes, including the main standards and protection mechanisms. The course is structured in two parts. The first part introduces UN human rights system and examines the two Covenants and mechanisms for the protection and promotion of human rights. It discusses in detail selected economic, social and cultural rights, such as the right to health, as well as civil and political rights, such as freedom of expression. It then outlines the regional human rights systems, with a particular focus on the European system. Lastly, it introduces philosophical underpinnings of human rights and addresses some contemporary challenges to human rights.
The second part provides a comprehensive examination of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and its jurisprudence. It analysis i.) the obligation of States to respect the ECHR within their jurisdiction and admissibility of claims before the European Court of Human Rights. Derogation from the ECHR in time of war or other public emergency is examined in the light of the recent developments in Turkey and France; ii.) the ECHR principles and some of the core rights, including the right to life, the right to liberty, fair trial, private and family life, prohibition of collective expulsion of aliens and freedom of religion. These rights are scrutinized in the context of such contemporary challenges as migration, terrorism, the rise of ungovernable territories and populism; iii.) the accession of the EU to ECHR and the future of human rights in Europe.