The aim of the course is to keep the students up to date as concerns recent debate and developments in international law. The course will focus on the general rule of interpretation of treaties and the formation of rules in international law within the following fields: subjects of international law, jurisdiction, State immunity, remedies. The students will have to form a better idea on the nature of international law as a legal system. For this reason, the criticism addressed towards international law will be part of the discussion of the selected topics. This criticism will be addressed through an in-depth and up to date understanding of sources of international law, their legitimacy and normativity. It will also be tackled through a more in-depth learning of how States interact in bilateral and multilateral fora. During the course particular attention will be paid to the following international organizations and institutions: the United Nations and the International Court of Justice and the International Law Commission. The students are required to have a good grasp of main events in the world history. It is in this context that students will be encouraged to form a view why do they think that international law is law and that there are consequences when international law is breached. 

International Law Course Outline 2018.pdfInternational Law Course Outline 2018.pdf


Microeconomics is the economics of individual agents: People (consumers), firms (producers) and individual goods and services, whereas macroeconomics deals with the whole economy – all consumers, all firms, all goods and services. Microeconomics introduces the concepts of demand, supply and equilibrium while macroeconomics adds fiscal and monetary policy as well as the labour market and international linkages. For both, the concept of equilibrium (and disequilibrium) is of importance as is the role of the government in interfering in/trying to adjust the economy.

RMF104 Micro  Macro Economics Course Outline.pdfRMF104 Micro Macro Economics Course Outline.pdf


This course will be divided in two parts – International Humanitarian Law and Responsibility.
The part on international humanitarian law will examine the basic tenets, operation and enforcement of the law of armed conflict. At the outset, the course will examine the definition and scope of international humanitarian law. Assuming that students know the distinction between the use of armed force (jus ad bellum) and international humanitarian law (jus in bello), the course will explore the lex specialis character of international humanitarian law. It will further deal with the most difficult aspects of distinction of nowadays armed conflicts into international, non-international and internationalized armed conflicts. The course will then examine the qualifications of laws applicable to each of the actors operating on the battlefield. Further, students will get an insight into the practical aspects of conducting operations, namely, principles of international humanitarian law and methods and means of warfare. The part on international humanitarian law will close with the elaboration on the implementation and enforcement of international humanitarian law and its relationship with human rights law.
The part on responsibility will be devoted to substantive and procedural aspects of international criminal law, in other words, practical aspects of implementation international humanitarian law as one part of it. It will examine the origins of international criminal law, general principles of international criminal law and sources of this branch of law. Further, the course will enquire into the principles of jurisdiction, - territoriality, universality, passive personality, active personality, and representation principle. Furthermore, it will look into principle of ne bis in idem, as well as cases of competing jurisdictions. Separate lecture will be devoted to examination of judicial cooperation in criminal matters (mutual assistance, transfer of criminal proceedings and transfer of execution of judgments) and concepts of extradition and surrender. The course will then embark on the analysis of core international crimes (genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, aggression) as to their definitions and elements of crimes. With regard to individual criminal responsibility the course will elaborate on perpetration of crimes, including issues of forms of participation, superior responsibility and concept of joint criminal enterprise.
This course will consist of lectures and practically oriented seminars during which the students will work on case solution and presentation of the results. Through practical exercises students will learn to qualify the situations of armed conflict, apply the law during the hostilities and examine the consequences of violations of international humanitarian law and human rights in the framework of international responsibility. The part on responsibility will enhance students’ knowledge on the practical aspects of application of concepts of criminal law in the sphere of international criminal justice. 
RMP124 International Humanitarian Law and Responsibility Course Outline.pdfRMP124 International Humanitarian Law and Responsibility Course Outline.pdf


To describe and analyse the EU in the context of economic integration. The European project’s two main features in the context of economic integration are the Single Market (Internal Market) and the Single Currency (the Economic and Monetary Union/the Eurozone). These may be seen as facilitating the idea of “one” Europe: One market, one currency. The course aims at analysing the benefits and drawbacks of these ideas, not least in the context of imperfect integration. The main focus will be on the economics of the EU but the course will add a political dimension, too. 

RME129 European Political Economy Course Outline.pdfRME129 European Political Economy Course Outline.pdf


Private International Law (PIL) primarily deals with the following three main issues:

(i)         international jurisdiction, i.e. which court has jurisdiction over a cross-border dispute?

(ii)         applicable law, i.e. which law applies in a cross-border dispute?

(iii)        recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments, i.e. whether a foreign judgment can be recognized and enforced in another country?

The existence of private international law depends on two conditions – legal diversity and cross-border legal issues. Nowadays, there are more than 200 jurisdictions each applying its own substantive laws in solving legal disputes. If all countries in the world applied one unified and harmonized law in the same manner there would be no need for private international law. Similarly, if individuals and businesses limited their activities to only one state, issues of private international law would be less important.

The European Private International Law (EPIL) course will give an overview of different topics and typical practical issues in private international law – all geared towards solving legal problems in the real world of commercial cross border transactions within the European Union.

RMT122 European Private International Law Course Outline.pdfRMT122 European Private International Law Course Outline.pdf


This course covers the latest developments since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and the adoption of the so-called Stockholm Programme, EU Asylum and Immigration Law, the EU Internal Security Area and EU Criminal Law. It addresses new EU legislation and operational developments since 2010 on internal border checks, external border controls, visa policy, different aspects of legal migration policy and admission of third country nationals; various aspects of refugee law, including the changes in the legal framework put forward recently; policies to fight and prevent irregular migration, as well as rights of irregular migrants. Directives in the scope of the Stockholm Programme will be examined, as well as the European Arrest Warrant, the European Investigation Order and crime victims' rights. It will also give an insight in the process of establishment of The European Public Prosecutor’s Office. It will also cover the EU agencies in the home affairs area and the information exchange issue. In the field of the EU internal security it will focus on the current threats, priorities (for instance, terrorism) as well as more specifically on the police cooperation.


RME136 Course Outline AFSJ.pdfRME136 Course Outline AFSJ.pdf


The course provides students with in-depth understanding of the main principles of legal ethics, as well as the main psychological mechanisms that may influence the application of these principles. Formal requirements and theoretical principles are illustrated with practical examples. After completing the course the students should be able to identify ethically disputable situations and the corresponding psychological risk factors, and to come up with possible solutions.

RMP120 Legal Ethics and Psychology.pdfRMP120 Legal Ethics and Psychology.pdf