The course provides students with in-depth understanding of the main principles of legal ethics, as well as the main psychological mechanisms that may influence the application of these principles. Formal requirements and theoretical principles are illustrated with practical examples. After completing the course the students should be able to identify ethically disputable situations and the corresponding psychological risk factors, and to come up with possible solutions.
The finance course consists of two main blocks of lectures: Financial Accounting and Corporate Finance.
Starting the Finance course with the strong focus on the principles of preparation and reading of Financial Statements of a company (including financial ratios), the second part of the course shifts the focus on decisions the company is making on its financing as well as its new projects.
- Teacher: Nataļja Točelovska
The aim of the course is to initiate students to the EU political system by introducing its institutions, governance, legislative processes as well as formal and informal decision-making procedures. The Lisbon Treaty offers a consolidated legal basis for a more effective decision-making. It has affected almost all policy fields in terms of competence distribution, power of the European Parliament and role of the European Commission. Member states still play a significant role in the legislative process that will be analysed step by step in the lectures and seminars. In order to distinguish differences of institutional power across different policy fields, students will prepare the course papers, reflecting the inter-institutional balance in different policy fields.
The course introduces students to broader EU integration theories and the decision-making modes and addresses difficulties and challenges that the member states face in finding agreement in the EU domain. In the lectures we examine the whole process from the draft Commission proposal to its adoption by the Council and the EP.
Member States are represented in the EU by national delegations that negotiate on behalf of their governments. Similarly, EU institutions empower groups of individuals to negotiate on their behalf. Accordingly, understanding bargaining situations is essential for acquiring a comprehensive understanding of the EU’s modus operandi. This course therefore includes a practical exercise of negotiations in the EU Council, i.e. negotiation simulation. The negotiation simulation is embedded in a real-life negotiation scenario on a Council document. It will allow students to better understand the functioning of the EU institutions.
Finally, the course addresses the issues of deepening of the EU through looking at different integration theories. In the proactive exchange with the audience the professors will introduce various scenarios for future development of the EU. Brexit issues will be analysed as a part of this discussion.
This course offers students a deeper understanding of the role and functioning of international courts and tribunals in the resolution of disputes between States. It will gives them insight in their contribution to the progressive development of public international law. Landmark rulings will be discussed of the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ), the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and a number of important international arbitral tribunals. One very recent case will, given its significance, be analysed in some detail. The course is, from beginning to end, interactive and classes require thorough preparation. Students are expected to read and study the judgements and arbitral awards of the cases discussed in class and should, when called upon, be able to recite the facts of those cases in a clear and coherent manner.
- Teacher: Tjaco Theo van den Hout
The course provides an overview of international and European human rights regimes, including the main standards and protection mechanisms. The course is structured in two parts. The first part introduces UN human rights system and examines the two Covenants and mechanisms for the protection and promotion of human rights. It discusses in detail selected economic, social and cultural rights, such as the right to health, as well as civil and political rights, such as freedom of expression. It then outlines the regional human rights systems, with a particular focus on the European system. Lastly, it introduces philosophical underpinnings of human rights and addresses some contemporary challenges to human rights.
The second part of the course focuses on the examination of the substantive human rights law, offering a comparative perspective involving a number of human rights protection instruments, with a special focus on the ICCPR and ECHR. It discusses the understanding of the obligation to protect human rights, including jurisdictional aspects and the application of human rights in times of emergency. Further, it considers such rights as the right to life, prohibition of inhumane or degrading treatment, or torture, the right to liberty and security, the right to fair trial as well as the right to private life, especially taking into account the contemporary challenges associated with armed conflicts and security threats. It also discusses the challenges regarding the compliance with the decisions of the human right judicial bodies and the redress to the victims of human rights violations.
This course focuses on a specific policy field of the EU, the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), which by its development throughout the treaties enhanced the EU’s potential as a global actor. The CFSP is often approached as one of the most contested policy fields: some analysts speak about ‘diplomacy without state’, others argue that the so-called Common Foreign and Security Policy is neither common, nor can it be called a foreign policy’. The reality in the field, however, is that the implementation of the CFSP has resulted in an increasing number of concrete missions that are conducted in increasingly diverse locations on the world map. In many respects, these missions, which do not always receive extensive media attention, largely contribute to give the EU a status of International Actor.
The problems in terms of coherence can be explained by institutional setup in the CFSP policy making, i.e. by internal institutional power balance, as well as by divergent preferences of the member states. In order to understand the dynamics of the CFSP, this course addresses three main aspects of the European Foreign and Security Policy – (1) actors, (2) policy instruments and (3) actions.
Lectures will focus on the actors within the CFSP and CSDP, including the modifications by the Lisbon Treaty. The knowledge on institutional setup and governance will be evaluated by a multiple choice exam, which tests the understanding of structures and decision-making reflected in the lectures and in the mandatory course literature.
(2) POLICY INSTRUMENTS:
Lectures and case studies will focus specifically on different means how the policy objectives are implemented, by addressing CFSP/CSDP instruments. This includes a discussion on enlargement, partnerships, European Neighbourhood policy, EU global strategy, etc.
In the topical case studies, students working in small groups further concentrate on a concrete ongoing regional/ geopolitical situation and discover how the CFSP of the EU applies to it. A group presentation of the subject by the students triggers a Q&A and a class-wide group discussion, the purpose of which is to discuss the effectiveness and the practical ‘actorness’ of the EU on a global stage.
The course starts with a historic overview of attempts at military integration in Europe in the 1950s, then introduces the European Political cooperation (EPC), and follows the development of the CFSP and European Security and Defence policy (ESDP/CSDP).
The course offers an interactive and hands-on approach. Besides a limited number of theoretical lectures to understand the frame and the dynamics of the CFSP, students will engage in practical work through topical case studies and group presentations. In a realistic crisis management exercise, students will become actors of CFSP by simulating a meeting of the Political and Security Committee addressing an emerging security crisis. They will write and present an opening statement outlining the position of the member state that they represent in the simulation and participate in the decision making process leading to a recommendation to the Council of Ministers.
- Teacher: Kurt Engelen
The course consists of five related parts. The first part will be devoted to introducing the basic notions of money, credit, interest rates, and financial markets. The second part focuses on banks, risks to banking activity, central banking and financial system. The third part focuses on money supply and money demand. This will be followed by the study of the institutional structure, goals, strategy and operating procedures of the European Central Bank. The fourth part of the course will be devoted to discussing the monetary policy transmission mechanism in the context of an open economy. The fifth part address issues in banking regulation and supervision with a focus on the EU.
- Teacher: Paolo Paesani